WHAT IS A LINE?
This word is used when we talk about dehydration lines. They appear around the eyes or at the corner of the mouth, always in areas where the skin is the most delicate. Good circulation ensures the entire face is hydrated evenly, but lots of factors can disturb the balance. Firstly there are external factors: pollution, tobacco, sun... Then there are harsh cosmetics that dry out our complexion. The protective barrier of the skin is weakened over time and can no longer retain water and, as a result, the skin becomes dehydrated and fine lines appear.
There is one way to get rid of them: good hydration. Go for a skin care product that is rich in hyaluronic acid, lactic acid and sugar.
WHAT IS A WRINKLE?
Wrinkles usually start to appear between the ages of 25 and 30. They often sneak into the area around the eyes first but, as the years go by, wrinkles spread to other areas of our face too. Wrinkles appear when the skin’s support structure becomes weaker and the skin begins to crease. This structure is made up of fibres, collagen and elastin – which are joined by glycoproteins and glycosaminoglycans. As we get older, the metabolism of our cells slows down and a range of environmental factors cause free radicals to attack the fibres. As a result, the wrinkles get deeper. To help combat this, choose an enriched skin care product containing either retinol, hyaluronic acid, vitamin C, pro-xylane or glycolic acid, depending on the depth of the wrinkles.
WHAT DO THEY HAVE IN COMMON?
Lines and wrinkles first appear in areas where the skin is delicate and fragile: around the eyes, in the corner of the mouth, and around the neckline. The best way to avoid it is hydration and protection. It is essential to hydrate your skin daily and above all, to protect it from the sun, which is the most significant cause of premature ageing.
WHAT CAUSES WRINKLES?
Strictly speaking, wrinkles are 'furrows' more than 1mm deep and one of the early, classic signs that our skin's beginning to age.
Some wrinkles are caused by our expressions - frown or laughter lines formed by repeated facial gestures. The second, deeper type are wrinkles caused by sagging skin and and dehydration.
ACTIVE ANTI WRINKLE INGREDIENTS
Whether you're a serum or cream fan, opt for products that contain the following tried and tested ingredients to reduce wrinkles:
- Hyaluronic acid heads the list as the most effective moisturising and plumping active ingredient. It's THE one way ticket to reduce wrinkles and plump features!
- Retinol (a vitamin A derivative) slows down the appearance of wrinkles by boosting collagen production and skin cell renewal.
- Peptides are great if you want to avoid the Botox route. They block receptors that cause our facial muscles to contract, meaning our skin doesn't crisp up and form wrinkles.
The great news is that nowadays facial treatments don't just contain one anti wrinkle ingredient. They invariable also contain compounds that attack other signs of ageing skin.
The results? Anti wrinkle + sagging skin or anti wrinkle + revolumising winning combos! In other words, global action treatments for youthful skin.
SMOOTH AWAY YOUR LINES
Tapping your face with your finger tips can help iron out wrinkles: simply touch-type your laughter lines, crow's feet, frown lines and forehead wrinkles.
This quick facial work out will relax and smooth your features.
EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN
The must-have product to carry at all times? A wrinkle filler! No Polyfilla here, but rather a handy pen that, when applied to wrinkles, immediately plumps them up.
A great SOS solution for the end of the day, when you're looking tired rather than wide-eyed!
DOES ANTI WRINKLE MAKE UP EXIST?
Yup! Opt for a foundation that contains mica particles designed to capture and evenly distribute light. You can also apply a pearly blusher to your cheekbones for added youthful radiance. Make up doesn't get rid of wrinkles but can Photoshop them into obscurity!
Word of warning - avoid heavy textures as their cake-like appearance will only accentuate lines.
HOW TO TACKLE WRINKLES, NO MATTER WHAT AGE YOU ARE! There's no particular age to start dealing with The Wrinkle Problem... However, doing so will give us smoother, glowing skin for longer. But faced with a huge variety of treatments, how do we know which beauty routine to choose?
We all want to keep the gorgeous, perfect skin that we had in our 20's. Sadly, we're yet to discover the magic pill that will zap wrinkles or grey hair and keep us eternally young. But no matter - the cosmetics industry is working tirelessly on our behalves to keep our skin as flawless as humanly possible. It's simply a question of choosing one suited to our age: our epidermis has very different needs with each passing decade.
25, THE AGE WHEN WRINKLES FIRST APPEAR
Some women won't see wrinkles appear until their mid-thirties, but most of us spot a line or two around 25 years old. This is because our skin gets dry more easily and cell renewal begins to slow down. It's now that we need to adopt preventive, anti-ageing measures! No need to invest in night creams, but do check out eye contour treatments, as wrinkles first appear around this fragile zone.
35, THE AGE WHEN WRINKLES HAVE STARTED TO SETTLE
By our mid-thirties, we know that our wrinkles won't miraculously disappear. We've accepted that they're here to stay. These wrinkles are expression lines, caused by repetitive facial movements and generally crop up on our foreheads, between our eyebrows and at the corner of our eyes. Time to treat yourself to an anti-wrinkle cream that will minimise these lines by combating your skin's decreasing elasticity. It's also the moment to start applying nourishing night creams to boost your skin cells, maintain collagen levels and smoothe your skin.
45, WHEN WRINKLES DEEPEN AND OTHER SIGNS OF AGEING APPEAR
So the wrinkles have been there for a while, but now they're looking like furrows. From 45 onwards, our skin becomes less firm and supple and our skin tone loses its uniform glow. And there's more... signs of tiredness – dark circles and bags – dig in their heels. Applying an anti-ageing day and night cream will help to prevent sagging, particularly if they include fruit acids, vitamin A, retinol and hyaluronic acid. All of these skin-friendly active ingredients will smoothe and brighten your complexion. They work on a deeper level to stimulate cell exchange and boost skin cell renewal. You should also start using a serum for a few weeks at a time. They're twice as concentrated as creams and, depending on the state of your skin, work a treat when we're worn out or dealing with seasonal changes.
55+, TIME TO BRING OUT THE HEAVY ARTILLERY
Once we reach menopause, our skin texture changes - it thins and produces less sebum. Our skin dries out and cell renewal slows down to a snail's pace. It's also the age when liver spots appear. Opt for anti-ageing treatments designed for mature skin. They're gorgeously rich in texture and you can choose one according to your needs - hydrating, smoothing, anti-pigment, firming, brightening... And, of course, keep applying those serums and eye contour creams!
FIVE TRICKS TO SOFTEN THE APPEARANCE OF WRINKLES – WITHOUT BOTOX With the days getting brighter after Britain's chilly winter, wrinkles can seem more pronounced. Step in this super-practical guide for anti-ageing tips on how to reduce their appearance, without having to resort to Botox.
If you’re not keen on the idea of hitting the needle but do want to soften the appearance of your wrinkles, you’re in luck – there are plenty of ways to reduce them without having Botox. Here are the best:
This is the ultimate anti-ageing tip. Whatever you apply to your skin to moisturise, take time to really work the product into the areas with most wrinkles. Doing so will up blood flow to the area, bringing nutrition to the skin that’ll help to bolster its structure and thereby reduce the appearance of wrinkles. Side benefit: it’s also the key to a bit more glow and you can do it while tucked under a blanket in front of the latest episode of The Voice.
Anti-ageing products won’t work unless your skin is clean, so make sure you’re cleansing gently twice every evening. This will also remove any pollution or other potentially free-radical-inducing particles that you've picked up on your commute. Spend a little extra time on this step if you have, say, braved the London rush hour.
Just as you’d layer your clothes around this time of year, adding an easily removed cardigan to T-shirts in case days turn sunny, doing the same to your skin has enormous benefits. If you start with, say, a hyaluronic acid-rich serum, follow it with a moisturiser to seal in goodness. As a result, your skin will instantly appear plumper and, over time, the products will help to reduce wrinkles.
Tap, tap, tap. Make like models and tap a little bit of serum or moisturiser on to wrinkles on top of your foundation throughout the day to soften their appearance and up your hydration levels.
USE AN ACID TONER + SPF
As the sun isn’t yet strong, this is the ideal time to start using an acid toner daily or to use a chemical exfoliant twice weekly. Doing so will help turn over the surface of your skin more speedily, ushering fresh, healthy cells to the surface and diminishing the appearance of wrinkles. Top tip: make sure you use an SPF every morning while you’re using the acid!
KISS GOODBYE TO FOREHEAD WRINKLES As we approach our 30s, our facial muscles begin to give up, our skin loses elasticity and wrinkles appear, particularly on the forehead. Disaster! Time to arm yourself with our wrinkle-busting guide (and, no, it doesn’t involve surgery).
Horizontal lines on the forehead and frown lines between our eyebrows – these wrinkles add insult to injury by being slap bang in the middle of our face, making us look grumpy and tired. But there are ways to reduce the appearance of forehead wrinkles, limit muscle contractions around the eyebrows and give our faces back their youthful glow.
FIRST UP, MAKE SURE YOU APPLY A DAY AND A NIGHT CREAM
Opt for a moisturising anti-wrinkle cream, as once we’re over the age of 30, our skin starts to dry out. Smooth on your cream in the direction of wrinkles: from your nose to forehead for frown lines, and horizontally for lines on your forehead. A day cream will firm and plump up your skin, then in the evening, apply a night cream that will work to rehydrate your skin and close your pores while you get your beauty sleep.
EMBRACE THE MAGIC OF SERUMS
Serums have a much higher concentration of active ingredients than creams, which makes them super effective anti-wrinkle products. The active ingredients plump up wrinkles and improve overall skin tone, so what are you waiting for? Look for a serum that contains hyaluronic acid, as this is the best ingredient for plumping up the skin.
TRY A DIY PEELING SESSION
There’s no need to see a dermatologist. Don your own white coat, and do an easy glycolic acid peel from the comfort of your bathroom. The idea is to remove dead cells from the skin and boost cell renewal. For best results, do it weekly on cleansed skin. Stop, though, if your skin becomes irritated.
MASSAGE AND FACIAL EXERCISES
You work out your body, now work out your face. You can do it at home or in the office (maybe not sat at your desk though). To delay the appearance of frown lines, place your index, middle and ring fingers on each eyebrow and, using a light pressure, smooth outwards while frowning. Keep up the pressure for a few seconds and then repeat 10 times. To reduce forehead wrinkles, place your fingertips on your forehead and smooth upwards. At the same time, try to close your eyes without squinting or frowning (like we said, don’t do it at your desk). Hold this position for about 10 seconds, then release.
5 WAYS TO HIDE LIP WRINKLES They're laughter lines, a result of smiling and being happy... But lip wrinkles can be bothersome when they become too apparent. Here's how you can disguise them.
#1 AN ANTI-WRINKLE SERUM
Apply a serum as soon as lip wrinkles begin to appear. Apply it before an anti-ageing cream, both morning and night, using small circular movements. A quick and easy tip to help reduce their appearance is to lightly tap each fine line. If you use a serum or cream whose formula is rich in hyaluronic acid it will act as a wrinkle filler.
#2 A SMOOTHING BASE
After your anti-ageing treatment, apply a smoothing foundation or BB cream. Why? It will help even out your skin tone, thereby masking fine lines and wrinkles. Powders can sometimes accentuate lines and wrinkles, so be careful not to dust it on too heavily.
#3 A PERFECTING LIPSTICK
Avoid dark colours and mattifying lipsticks, as they will thin your lips and make wrinkles even more apparent. Which is the last thing you need! Opt instead for satin or iridescent textures that will make your lips look gorgeously plump. And go for lighter colours.
#4 GIVE YOURSELF A FACIAL WORKOUT
Do some facial gymnastics several times a week - they can be done any time, anywhere! A facial workout will tighten your muscles and gradually decrease lip wrinkles - be patient though, it takes time for this trick to work. But all good things come to she who waits!
#5 FILLER INJECTIONS
If your wrinkles have become quite deep, and it is making you feel self-conscious, it may be time to think about having a filler treatment. Hyaluronic injections will fill and smooth out lip wrinkles in a flash. But always make sure they are administered by a qualified dermatologist. If your skin has been damaged by the sun or smoking, your dermatologist can always apply a peel, to help your skin renew itself and regain a smoother, softer, youthful complexion.
Article supplied & written by Marie Claire, part of Hearst Communications, Inc.